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The Country of China

The People's Republic of China is the largest country in Asia and with more than 1.4 billion people, boasts of being home to the largest population in the world.


It is in the eastern part of Asia and shares its borders with 14 countries, including India, Pakistan, Russia, and Afghanistan. It consists of 31 provinces and an island of Taiwan. There are 7 main regions in the country: North, Northeast, South, Southwest, East, Middle, and Northwest China.


It has a 4000-year old history. It has always been recognized as a country that has suffered great cultural and political problems but still came out as one of the strongest nations in the world. The Xia, Shang, and Zhou are considered the earliest and most powerful dynasties in the history of this country.

The country was ruled by warlords and tribes, weakening it when it faced advanced technology challenges worldwide. This led to the Chinese Communist Revolution in 1949, in which Mao Zedong brought Communism to the country.


The land consists of high mountains and large deserts. Plateaus, rainforests, and coastal lowlands give China one of the most diverse landscapes in the world. The temperature ranges from freezing in the northern areas to extremely hot in the southern part of the country. The diverse range of temperature and land areas provides this region with many different plants and animals.

China has the world's largest mountain, Mount Everest, the fifth-largest desert, The Gobi Desert, and the third-longest river in the world, The Yangtze. This makes it home to some of the world's most exotic plants and animals.


The Han is the largest group of people in China. They share the same traditions and values, making it a very homogenous mass of people. Their official language is Mandarin.

Due to the rising population and fewer resources, Chinese people were not allowed to have more than one child until 2015. Though the developed cities are well-populated, most of the population lives in rural areas with very few facilities.

Chinese people love opera and music. They always look forward to the celebrations of the Chinese New Year, which they celebrate with their friends and families.

The most practiced religion in China is Buddhism. However, there is also a growth in Christianity and Islam.

Tourist attractions

- The Great Wall of China: It stretches for about 6000 kilometers, and some places are wide enough to accommodate five horses to pass.

- The Terracotta Army: These are statues of 8000 life-sized warriors and more than 500 horses.

- Forbidden City and Imperial Palace: It is situated in Beijing and is used for ceremonial and administrative purposes.

- The Yangtze River is the third-longest river in the world after the Nile and Amazon and flows through 8 of the 31 provinces of China.


Chinese cuisine is mostly based on vegetables and soy-based foods. Rice is a very important part of their daily food intake, and they love eating noodles. They use ginger, garlic, and spring onion to flavor their meals. Chinese people eat everything with chopsticks, as they believe it would allow them to eat slowly and mindfully, enjoying their food one small bite at a time.

Chinese have some really interesting holidays and festivals. They celebrate them with a beautiful display of culture and arts.

- Chinese New Year, also called Guo Nian, means "overcome nian." It is believed that there was a giant beast called Nian who had a head of a lion. It would wake up on the last day of the lunar year and eat people and livestock. But then people realized it was afraid of thunder, so they lit fireworks to scare him away. In that memory, they celebrate the Chinese New Year with firecrackers and dragon dances. They eat dumplings and a soft rice cake called Niangao.

- Qing Ming Festival: On this sweeping tomb day, people visit the graves of their loved ones. They sweep their tombs and offer them food. They add fresh soil to the graves. People eat rice balls, omelets during the Qing Ming festival, and qingtuan rice balls that honors the deceased.

- Mid-Autumn Festival: The moon cake festival celebrates harvests and people's hard work. Ancient Chinese used to thank the moon for harvest in autumn. Nowadays, people use this festival as means of family reunion. They celebrate it with moon cakes, which symbolize the fullness and coming together of the whole family.


China is home to a lot of diverse species of animals.

- Pandas: Pandas are endangered species that are found in the region. Cute and furry, pandas are very lazy and heavy-weighted. The Chinese government is taking several measures to take care of their pandas. They have made areas of protected forests where pandas are taken care of and fed well. They provide them with food and bamboo to save these animals from going extinct.

- Golden snub-nosed monkey: Their fur is golden, and these monkeys eat fruits and bamboo. These animals are endangered too. Their fur is long and thick and changes according to the environment and weather.

Interesting facts about China

- Many popular websites like Twitter and Facebook are unavailable in China. So a VPN is required to access these sites.

- The color red is considered lucky to the people. The color of fire symbolizes life, health, and happiness. The red color is not allowed to be used at funerals.

- China is the third-largest in the world but still follows a single time zone.

- Fortune cookies were not invented in here.

- Every year in China is named after animals, and people born in those years attain the characteristics of that particular animal, e.g., 2022 is the year of the tiger, representing strength and bravery.

With a history spanning four millennia, this is a country rich in culture, arts, and food and has unique traditions. The country has a diverse geographic landscape making it one of the most beautiful places on the planet.