 ### Measurement Worksheets

A huge array of measurement worksheets for students. They are all aligned to the core curriculum and come in very handy. We have all the way from simple conversions to actually reading tools. We hope you find them valuable.

Fun with Measurement
This is as basic as it gets. This is a great little activity to review measurement units.

Addition and Subtraction of Units of Measure
When you need to start working on combining units of measure, this is a good one to have in your back pocket.

Patterns in Measurement
This is a pattern activity at a much higher level of thinking.

Measurement in the Halves
You will be surprised at how many students have trouble with this one. Make sure to check it thoroughly. Start using fraction with units.

Random Measurement Questions
Bored of the sam old, same old? This one will really break that boredom for you. Talk about random! A real mixed bag for students.

Write in Scientific Notation or Standard Form
This form of notation comes up a great deal on standardized tests internationally lately. Convert between these two forms of notation.

Multiples and Equivalent Units
This sheet has an awesome mix of skills included. It is great to use it as a quick quiz. This one is great for common skills.

Comparing Units of Time
Some students will fly through this. Make sure to put them in equal units first, then make your decision. Greater than, less than with time units.

Units and Their Differences
We focus on the difference between inches and feet. Converting between feet and inches is a critical skill these days. If they can breeze through this, they have mastered the skill.

The Largest Metric Measurements
Compare 3 measures. This is a neat one. There are 3 pages of basic comparsions of unit of measure. Find the largest measure.

Reference Charts

The Smallest Metric Measurements
Find the smallest measure you can. This is the inverse of the larger sheets.

Measurement Abbreviations Chart
Great for students to have by them when learning a new unit of measure. A great reminder for abbreviations you run across all the time.

Metric System Variables and Prefix Chart
A quick print out that answers those simple metric questions. A really handy reference to have by your side.

### Unit Conversion

We cover a great range of skills that switch U.S. and metric units.

Mixed Unit Conversion
A solid mix of units. We move through a very wide range of measurements here. It a great refresher for students.

Comparing Units of Measurement
Basic metric measurements. This is a simple introduction to comparisons at the metric level.

Mixed Unit Conversion 2
This is a second version because you can never have too much practice on these.

Units of Distance Centimeters
km, cm, ft, mm, inch, yard. TEverything always comes back to centimeters in this one.

Mixed Units Conversion of Time
We focus on time here. The goals is to convert to seconds.

Units of Distance - Focus on Feet and Inches
Keys are provided. We convert everything to seconds. Sorry, number 12 is a big one. A good little test though. This one actually focuses on more than the title indicates. It does involve a great deal of millimeter measurements.

Mixed Metric Unit Conversion
We use a wide range of units that you might see every day, except for Kiloliters. Between all of the writers, we have a combined 12 science degrees in higher education and no one has ever used the term kiloliters. Yet, it's now part of the Core curriculum, go figure! Even spell check doesn't recognize the unit.

Mixed Simple Unit Conversion
This should be their first taste of changing units. These are extremely simple conversion. They are a great place to start.

Simple Conversion of Units of Temperature
Always comes in handy when visiting other countries. We convert to different units of temperature. When ever you travel between the U.S. and other countries weather reports are hard to get use to. This sheet will help.

Measurement Conversion of Liquid Volume
We provide a helpful chart for students to work with. It should be just the help they need. You might need scrap paper too.

Temperature -Conversions between Celsius and Fahrenheit (Hard)
I'm always suprised when I throw negative temperature conversions at students. They ace basic conversions, but the negative numbers really screw them up.

Weight and Mass - Focus on Pounds
U.S. Standard units are mostly used. The U.S. standard of pounds and metric kilograms go head to head on this one.

Conversion of Liquid Volume Units of Measurement
We start to focus here on common measurements that are part of the standards.

Metric Units of Mass and Weight
This one includes milligrams so there is wide ranging scale on these problems. A must for science classes.

Comparing Units of Time
We have students convert and compare between several different units of time.

### Measurement Word Problems

These worksheets work on measurement skills that require observation. These are great for test preparation.

Mixed Measurement Word Problems (Hard)
Make sure that students read these twice before attempting them, it will help.

Mixed Measurement Word Problems (Simple)
This set doesn't require a great deal of calculation, it's a good introduction or review sheet. This really get it started for you.

Measurement Word Problems Involving Units Length
These problems require students to think in a third dimension. It is a great activity. Focuses entirely on distance.

### Visual Measurement Worksheets

These worksheets work on measurement skills that require observation. These are great for test preparation. We use standard diagram formats that they will see on exams.

Measuring Temperature Hot or Cold
Read the thermometers. Break out the markers for this one. It's a fun sheet.

Which Holds Less?
Another take on capacity. We look at gallons and quarts. I never knew there were four quarts in a gallon. I always thought it was five.

Measuring Lines in Inches
Break out your ruler and get to work! Time to break out the rulers. Note that if you change the default print settings, the answer key that we provide will be off by a bit.

Which Is The Heavier Object?
Take a glance at a set and decide on the relative mass. This is a quick one to just help out the little ones.

Greatest to Least Capacity
This is a great visual comparison worksheet where students decide on relative size and sort them by size. This is a sorting activity.

Which Holds More?
This is an estimation based on what the students are presented with. We visually compare pints and quarts. It makes for a fun comparsion worksheet.

Estimating Weight
Guess the relative weight. This will give you a good understanding of the visualization ability of your students.

Which Set Holds Less?
A quick visual estimate. Cups versus quarts the age old tale. Use the milk bottles and measuring cups to visually get it through.

Estimate Length
Decide which units work best for objects. Quickly identify student strengths and weaknesses with this one. They should have a basic understanding.

Which Can Hold More?
Try to understand the capacity. A simple observation worksheets. Circle the container that can hold more.

Estimate and Compare Length Visually
Students like this one! Compare all the objects based on length. Remind the students that these pictures are not to scale. They need to use their thinking skills.

Heavy to Light
Sort the items by their appearance. This is a great sorting activity where students will really need to critically thinking on their own.

### Grade Leveled Measurement Worksheets

These worksheets are from our "Do Now" and Grade Level aligned section. As always everything is perfectly aligned to the curriculum.

### Preschool through Grade 2

Position
A somewhat related concept that students will understand.

Measuring Length in 3 Units
A simple break into the concept of measuring.

Counting Tally Marks
Making tallies is a great related skill set to have.

Measuring Length in/cm
A simple concept to start it all.

Amusement Park Word Problems
All measures are closely related to the concept here.

Divide Shapes into Equal Parts
This starts the concept of symmetry.

Weight Word Problems
A simple break into the concept of measuring.

Rectangular Word Problem
This one has a number of great applications.

Pounding Word Problem
A quick story problem and a quotient refresher.

Length Based Word Problems
Word problems with units, what else could be better?

Volume of Rectangular Prisms
We get into volume concepts.

Real Life Word Problems
They involve a great deal of related concepts.

Resizing and Math (Scale)
Some scaled geometry for you.

How Many Blocks Apart? Real World Coordinate
Using a coordinate grid to measure.

Finding Equal Measures of Volume
Simple metric conversions.

### Middle School

Surface Area
We give you some measures, find all the other sides.

Scientific Notation
Notation overlaps measurement often, so we threw it in.

Hard Time Based Word Problems
Involves a lot of driving.

Temperature Changes and Isolating Variables
Temp. conversions.

### Measurement Teacher Resources

Here are a number of resources that can be a great deal of help when you are planning your lessons.

## What is Measurement?

The method or process of measuring is known as measurement. It may be thought of as an approach to defining physical objects with numbers. For example, "this pillar is taller than that pillar." This statement serves a very restricted comparative function because we don't know anything about the unique characteristics of the presented pillars. However, if the height of the first pillar is 25 feet and the height of the second pillar is 20 feet, the first pillar is 5 inches taller than the second. This statement makes greater mathematical sense and justifies our conclusion and this is what the concept of measurement is all about.

A fundamental concept in science and mathematics is measurement. Measurement counts the physical parameters of an object, allowing us to compare it to other objects. When dealing with the division of a quantity, the most frequently used word is measurement.

We encounter several measurement categories in our daily lives, such as height, volume, and duration. This article will teach you the meaning and concept of measurement, as well as various types of measurement, along with their examples.

Types of Measurements

In different fields of mathematics, we deal with certain fundamental forms of measuring variables. They are as follows: Volume, Weight, Length, Time, and Temperature.

Units of Measure

Finding a number that describes the value of an object is what the concept of measurement is all about. A measuring unit is made up of measurement that is used to represent a measured value. Let's look at some physical parameters and the standard units used to quantify items.

Length

The length is a measurement of the separation between two ends of an object from one side to the other.

 Metric Units US Standard Units Millimeters Abbreviation: mm Conversion: 1mm = 0.1 cm. Used mostly for measuring small lengths or densities. Inch Abbreviation: in Conversion: 1in = 0.0833333 ft To determine the length of miniature items. Centimeter Abbreviation: cm Conversion: 1cm = 10mm Often used to determine short lengths. Foot  Abbreviation: ft Conversion: 1 ft = 12 inches Measurement of small distances and altitudes. Meter  Abbreviation: m Conversion: 1 m = 100 cm.  Often used to determine the length of large objects. Yard Abbreviation: yd Conversion: 1 yd = 3 ft One yard is equal to three feet and is used to measure spaces. Kilometer  Abbreviation: km Conversion: 1 km = 1000 m. Often used to calculate extensively stretched lengths or distances. Mile Abbreviation: mi Conversion: 1 mi = 1760 yd. Sometimes used to calculate great distances.

Capacity (Volume)

The measure of a three-dimensional space occupied by anything.

 Metric US Standard Milliliter Abbreviation: ml Conversion: 1ml = 0.001 l Often used to calculate the volume of a small 3D object. Liter Abbreviation: l Conversion: 1 l = 1000 ml. Often used to measure the amount of liquid in a 3D object. Cup  Quart Pint Gallon

Weight

An object's weight is the quantity of mass it contains. Calculating the weight of something implies determining how heavy something is.

 Metric Standard Milligram Abbreviation: mg Conversion: 1mg = 1 g. Used to weigh very light objects. Ounce Abbreviation: oz Conversion: 1 oz = 0.0625 lb Often used to quantify little amounts. Gram Abbreviation: g Conversion: 1g = 1000 mg Used to weigh small items. Pound  Abbreviation: lb Conversion: 1 lb =16 oz.  Often used to calculate body mass. Kilogram Abbreviation: kg Conversion: 1kg = 1000 g.  Used to weigh heavy objects. Ton Abbreviation: t Conversion: 1 t = 2204.62 lb. Often used to weigh significantly heavier objects.

Time

Time may be described as a continuing and uninterrupted series of events that take place in chronological order, from the past to the present and towards the future.

Time

Time may be described as a continuing and uninterrupted series of events that take place in chronological order, from the past to the present and towards the future.

Metric/US Standard Unit

Second

Abbreviation: s

Conversion: 1 s = 0.0166667 min

Minute

Abbreviation: min

Conversion: 1 min = 60 s

Hour

Abbreviation: hr

Conversion: 1 hr = 60 min

Day

Abbreviation: d

Conversion: 1 d = 24 hr

Week

Abbreviation: wk

Conversion: 1 wk = 7 d

Month

Abbreviation: mo

Conversion: 1 mo = 4.345 wk

Year

Abbreviation: yr

Conversion: 1 yr = 12 months

Temperature

A measurement of something's temperature describes how warm or cold it is. Temperature can be measured using the units listed below. One can convert units of measuring temperature from one to another.

Celsius

Abbreviation: °C

Conversion: 1°C = 33.8°F  or 1°C = 274.15K

Fahrenheit

Abbreviation: °F

Conversion: 1°F = -17.22°C or 1°F = 255.928K

Kelvin

Abbreviation: K

Conversion: 1 K = -272.1°C or 1 K = -457.9°F

Types of Measuring Instruments

A measuring instrument is a device which is used to determine the overall unit value of a measure. There are various kinds of measuring devices, each with its own function. Following are the ones that are used frequently:

Rulers

A ruler is a standard measurement tool used to determine the length of an item.

Elbow Ruler

The elbow ruler is a measurement instrument used to determine the length and verify that the optimum angle of an object is 90 degrees.

Roll Meter

A roll meter is a tool used to determine the length of an item. The roll meter is identical to a ruler, except it has a larger measurement range of up to 50 meters.

Scale

A scale is a measuring device used to calculate the mass or weight of an item. A variety of scales are available, such as hanging scales, body scales, digital scales, and more.

Beaker Glass

A beaker glass is a measurement device used to determine the amount of liquid in liters. This equipment is commonly used in laboratories to measure the volume of liquid compounds to help us calculate data for our research.

Thermometer

A thermometer is a device used to measure how warm or cold something is. The temperature measured by a thermometer is in degrees Celsius.

Stopwatch

A stopwatch is a timepiece that measures time in seconds. This equipment is often used to calculate runner speed, response time, activation time, or time to complete a task in less than an hour.

Wrapping Up

Measurements compare the number or worth of a parameter to a standard or unit of measurement. Measurements are crucial because they help us to understand the value of each variable that we employ in our daily lives. Understanding the concept of measurement of different things lets us evaluate and assess our current situation more accurately and make informed decisions,

## How to Convert Units of Measure

Measurements Units

To measure something means to compare it with a known quantity. To measure something against another thing, we need to ensure that they are in the same unit. The result is a numeric value with a unit. For example, a 1 kg chocolate cake is measured against a 2 kg cake.

Measurement is an important field of mathematics as it is also applied in other areas of study such as geography and trigonometry.

There are different measurement units for different types of measurements. For length, we use centimeter, meter and for volume, we use liters, gallons, etc.

There are two types of measurement systems; imperial and metric. All countries use the metric system, but 3 countries, the United States, Myanmar, and Liberia use the imperial system of measurement. Where the metric system uses millimeters, grams, or liters, the imperial system uses inch, foot, ounce, pint, and gallon as units of measurement.

Conversion of Units

It is necessary to convert units as you solve mathematical problems in mathematics. For example, if you need to find the area of a rectangle and the measurement of length is given in meters but width is given in centimeters. You will have to convert the value of width from centimeters to meters. Formulas require specific units, and to fit the given values in a formula, you have to convert them accordingly.

Large to Small

To convert a large unit to a smaller unit, check how many smaller units make up 1 large unit. Then multiply that number by the total number of large units. For example, 1000 grams make up one kilogram, so to convert a kilogram to grams, multiply its value by 1000.

Small to Large

To convert a small to a large unit, calculate how many smaller units are in 1 large unit. Then divide it by the number of a smaller unit. For example,, to convert a gram to a kilogram, divide its value by 1000.

Metric System

The metric system is based on meters, liters, and grams as the basic units of length, capacity, and volume.

Length

Length measures the distance or extent of something from one end to another. Meter (m), centimeter (cm), decimeter (dm), kilometer (km), and millimeter (mm) are used to measure length.

Below are some common conversions for length. Remember, to convert to smaller units, multiply. To convert to a larger unit, divide.

- 1 centimeter has 10 millimeters. To convert millimeters to centimeters, divide the value by 10.

- 1 kilometer has 1,000 meters. To convert kilometers to meters, multiply the value by 1,000.

Weight

Weight is a measure of how heavy an object is. It is measured in grams (g) and kilograms (kg).

- To convert 1 gram to milligrams, multiply it by 1000. This means 3 grams will contain 3,000 milligrams.

- 1 kilogram has 1000 grams. To convert 2500 grams to kilograms, divide its value by 1,000, and you will get 2.5 kilograms.

Volume

Capacity is measured by volume. The common units of measurement of volume in the Metric System are milliliters (mL) and liters (L).

- 1 liter contains 1000 milliliters. 4.5 liter contains 4,500 milliliters.

- To convert milliliters to liters, divide by 1,000. 3 milliliters converts to 0.003 liters.

Time

Time is the measure of the interval between two events. In the metric system, the second is the main and basic unit of time. Other units are also used, such as hours, minutes, days, etc. Some conversions of time in the metric system are:

- 1 hour has 60 minutes, and 1 minute has 60 seconds. Using the same divide-or-multiply technique, we multiply to convert to a smaller unit and divide to convert to larger units.

- To convert seconds to minutes, divide by 60. 120 seconds make up 2 minutes.

- To convert hours to minutes, multiply by 60. 4 hours make up 240 minutes.

Temperature

The base unit of temperature in the metric system is degree Celsius (&deg;C). The other units of measurement are Fahrenheit (&deg;F) and Kelvin (&deg;K). Temperature is a measure of how hot or cold an object is. Water boils at 100&deg;C and freezes at 0&deg;C.

- To convert temperatures in degrees Celsius to Fahrenheit, multiply by 1.8 (or 9/5) and then add 32. To convert 4&deg;C to Fahrenheit, multiply 4 by 1.8, then add 32. The result will be 39.2&deg;F.

- To convert a value in &deg;F to &deg;C, first, subtract 32 from the value, then multiply it with 5/9. E.g. 59&deg;F equals 15&deg;C.

Area

The metric units of area are square centimeters (cm<sup>2</sup>) and square meters (m<sup>2</sup>). The area is defined as the space occupied by a flat 2-D object.

- To convert a square meter to a square foot, multiply the value by 10.764.

- To convert square centimeter to square meter, divide the value by 10,000.

Interesting Facts About Measurement

- In ancient times, merchants would measure cloths from the tips of their noses to their outstretched hands.

- The width of a finger or a foot were accepted units of measurement in old times.

- When thermometers were not invented, a person's body temperature was measured by touching the back of one's head or lips to their forehead.

- Hands were used to measure a horse, to determine whether they are a horse or a pony. One hand is considered to be 4 inches.

- Jiffy is a trillionth of one second and is considered an actual unit of time.

- In earlier times, an inch was considered the width of a man's thumb.

- 1 tablespoon is equal to three teaspoons.

- Current has its own measurement unit called ampere.

- A measuring instrument can give incorrect readings. To ensure its reliability and accuracy, calibration is used.