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A lot of the time, state school cannot be fully effective for a student that has English as a second language. Because of this, teachers are now being encouraged to be trained in how to work with children who are in this situation - and the numbers are rising.
In some other countries, there can be entire classrooms where this is the case. Many Governments believe that it is important for children to get a grounding in a second language, and so there have been many different theories established as to which is the best method when teaching this subject.
One method has been focusing on the different ways that we learn, such as auditory and kinesthetic learning - applying this to simplistic English so a student can slowly get a grasp of the language they are learning. From an auditory perspective, repetition of what a student is hearing has been a great way to improve the voice and to tailor it to the sounds and effects which are commonly seen in the English language. Visual learners can usually find that various words in the English language can be reinforced with a coordinated image - as commonly seen in teacher resources. Some teacher worksheets also take puzzles which a student might have become accustomed to in their own language, with the approach being adapted to the new language that they are learning.
This is not the only method which can allow English as a second language students to be taught, or ESL for short. Some experts and teaching bodies believe that such students need to be immersed in an environment in such a way which makes them think in the language that they are learning. Role play, where the language can be applied to different circumstances such as a medical appointment, can allow a student to think quickly in English to explain their problem, even if they might not have been accustomed to this language before.
During the early years of development, we learn our first language through absorption of those who are speaking around us. When an ESL student is in their classroom to be educated, a teacher who speaks English for the majority of the time is likely to be more effective - as they are learning to associate the different words being spoken with their meanings. Soon enough, a student will integrate the words that they are hearing into their own vocabulary once they have a full understanding of their definition.
Many students also have a favorite pastime, such as reading. In these circumstances, it can be great for a child who is learning English to have the chance to read in the language. At first, text which is anchored with illustrations can be great to allow a student to follow the story, but as a student becomes more advanced they should find that they can rely on the words they understand already to gather the context of the words which they have not met before.