Lesson Plan : New England's Economy

Teacher Name:
 William Fikioris
Grade:
 Grade 5
Subject:
 Social Studies

Topic:
 Colonial America
Content:
 New England's Economy
Goals:
 Students will be able to identify the key components of New England's economy during the colonial time period.
Objectives:
 Students will be able to… • Identify major industries of colonial America. • Identify the political and economic relationships between the colonies and England. • Explain the economic patterns of early European colonists. • Understand the economic institutions that evolved in the colonial era. • Explain the history of the slave trade in the United States.
Materials:
 Harcourt Horizons; United States History Beginnings Classroom Map of United States
Introduction:
 • Review lesson #2, New Ideas, New Colonies, and yesterday’s reading. • Whole class instruction and review of last night’s homework assignment: Activity Book pages #46 & #47. • Review main concepts of lesson #2: o Massachusetts Bay Colony: John Endecott, self-governed by Puritans leaders o Rhode Island- Roger Williams, government based on consent o Connecticut- Thomas Hooker, Fundamental Orders
Development:
  Have students read aloud lesson #3, pages 200- 204 (Page #200) • Have students read aloud.
Practice:
 (Page #201) • Have students read aloud. Background: Whaling Between 1835 and 1865 the whaling industry was at its peak in North America. During this time, the average whaling voyage lasted 2½ to 3 years. The longest recorded whaling voyage lasted nearly 11 years. New Englanders mostly hunted for right and sperm whales. Review Question: What industries helped New England coastal towns prosper? Answer: fishing and whaling Trading: Background: Economics Explain the importance of trade to present day economies. Inform students that because of its great resources, the United States is the most important trading country in the world today. Emphasize that the United States’ imports and exports represents a large portion of the world’s totals. (Page #202) Background: Geography & World Map Have students look at the Atlantic Ocean on a map of the world. Discuss with them why following a triangular trade route was the most efficient way for New England to trade with England and Africa. Answer: It made more sense for ships to visit both Africa and England in one trip than to make two separate trips. Draw Graphic Organizer on Chalkboard: Export Imports New England: furs, lumber slaves, coffee, sugar England: iron products, silver tobacco, fur, lumber Africa: slaves, gold iron products, silver, rum Background: Slavery Slavery in the United States was not abolished until 1865, but the slave trade ended many years earlier. Beginning in 1808, slaves no longer could be imported to the United States from other places. However, because the birth rate among slaves in the US was higher than the death rate, the slave population in the US tripled to about 4 million by 1860. (Page #203) Background: Economics Lead a discussion with students about why ships could be produced in New England for about half the cost of those built in England. Explain that lumber was more difficult to get in England than in New England, where there were plenty of forested areas. The colonists had an ample supply of lumber, their ships cost less to produce than ships in England. (Page #204) Big Idea Question: In what ways did New England’s economy depend on the ocean and the forests? Answer: New England’s economy depended on fish and whales to sell and trade. It also depended on lumber for its shipbuilding industry.
Checking For Understanding:
 Homework assignment will be graded based on accuracy and comprehension of subject material.
Closure:
 • The fishing and whaling industries brought great prosperity to New England in the 1700’s. • Ships followed triangular trade routes in carrying raw materials from the Americas, manufactured goods from England, and slaves from Africa. • The shipbuilding industry was very successful in New England because lumber was plentiful
Teacher Reflections:
 Effective lesson that met the objective of the lesson.

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