Lesson Plan : Beginning Sound Flashcard Game

Teacher Name:
 Beth Christianson
Grade:
 Preschool
Subject:
 Language Arts

Topic:
 Beginning Sounds
Content:
 The Flashcard Game will be used as a Mastery Structure to help students master the concept of beginning sounds cooperatively. Preceding this lesson, the students had done whole and small group work identifying beginning sounds. By playing the Flashcard Game in partners, the students are able review and tutor each other in vocabulary, identifying beginning sounds, and forming letters. This particular Pre-K class has a large percentage of ESL students, so partner work is especially helpful. Students more comfortable with English are able to help the ESL students increase their English vocabulary while reviewing important phonics skills simultaneously.
Goals:
 Pre-K Curriculum Guidelines - Language and Early Literacy Development 3. Vocabulary - shows a steady increase in listening and speaking vocabulary - increasing listening vocabulary and begins to develop a vocabulary of object names (ESL) 5. Phonological Awareness - becomes increasingly sensitive to the sounds of spoken words - begins to attend to the beginning sounds in familiar words
Objectives:
 - The student will be able to name common objects in English by verbally identifying pictures of common objects. - The student will be able to identify beginning sounds of words by listening to the spoken word and selecting the letter that makes the word's beginning sound. - The student will be able to form letters by printing a word's beginning sound on a marker board.
Materials:
 - Flashcards with pictures on common objects on one side and the written word on the opposite - Wipe-off boards with markers - ABC chart with picture queues
Introduction:
 Review naming and identifying the sounds of the ABCs with the entire class.
Development:
 The teacher will explain the Beginning Sound Flashcard Game to the class. Beginning Sound Flashcard Game: - Round 1 - The tutor will show the tutee the picture side of the flashcards. The tutee will say the word the card is depicting. - Round 2 - The tutor will show the picture side of the flashcard. The tutee will say the word the card is depicting. The tutee will then say the letter that the word starts with and the sound that letter makes. - Round 3 - The tutor will show the picture side of the flashcard. The tutee will say the word the card is depicting and then write the beginning letter on a marker board. * The tutor will place correctly answered cards in one pile and the other cards in another. The tutor will keep reviewing the cards with the tutee until they are all correct.
Practice:
 The teacher will assume the role of the tutor and the students will be the tutees. The class will practice the Beginning Sound Flashcard Game with a couple of cards together.
Accommodations:
 - For students who are still struggling with naming the picture cards, make sure the student is paired with a student with a strong English vocabulary. - For students struggling with naming and/or forming the beginning sound letters, provide an ABC chart that has each letter written with a sound queue by it.
Checking For Understanding:
 - The students can self-check using the back of the flashcard. - While the students play the game the teacher will circulate around the room and check for student understanding. - During the whole class review at the end of the lesson the teacher can evaluate how each student has mastered vocabulary, beginning sounds, and letter formation.
Closure:
 Come back together as an entire class. Review the Beginning Sound Flashcard Game by playing with the entire class. The teacher will assume the role of tutor and call on different partner pairs as the tutees.
Evaluation:
 During the closure, review the Beginning Sound Flashcard Game. The teacher will be able to evaluate which students have mastered vocabulary, beginning sounds, and letter formation and which students still need help by their responses.
Teacher Reflections:
 Overall I feel like cooperative learning with young students is a good thing. In Pre-K they are not always used to cooperative learning environments at first though. For this reason, in my student teaching classroom I did this lesson over a span of three days. My students are very used to routine, so introducing a new type of cooperative learning game was easier to do in steps so it did not overwhelm them. On the first day we just focused on Round 1 of the game. After going through the cards a few times with their partners, pretty much all of the students were able to name the objects on the cards by the time we reviewed during closure. On day 2 after the students understood how the structure of taking turns being the tutor or tutee worked a little better, I added Round 2. Identifying beginning sounds was a little bit more difficult for some students. Many knew the sound but not the letter name or vice versa. The ABC chart in the front of the room with the written letters and picture queues for the sounds was a very helpful resource for the students to figure out both. On the third day we played Round 3 of the game in which the students had to write the words beginning sound letter. Most of the students have mastered letter formation, but for the few who still have some trouble this was sometimes difficult. They could do it, they just needed the help of an ABC chart to remember how to form the letters. The idea for the Flashcard Game cooperative learning structure came from the book Cooperative Learning by Dr. Spencer Kagan.

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