Lesson Plan : Reproductive Systems

Teacher Name:
 Christin Etchison
Grade:
 Grade 9-10
Subject:
 Vocational Ed.

Topic:
 Family and Sexual Health
Content:
 Anatomy, Function, and Caring for your reproductive system
Goals:
 The learner will be able to explain fertilization. The learner will be able to comprehend male and female reproductive systems and their functions.
Objectives:
 Content Students will state the function of the human reproductive system. Students will identify parts of the male and female reproductive system. Students will describe the function of each part of the male and female reproductive system. Students will define ejaculation. Students will define menstruation. Students will describe the typical menstrual cycle. Students will define fertilization. Students will identify common problems related to the male and female reproductive systems. Students will define ways to care for the male and female reproductive systems.
Materials:
 Concept Mapping worksheet Female Reproductive System worksheet Order Me Around cards Possible overhead projector Elmo
Introduction:
 Introduction to Reproductive Systems Review of Previous of Lesson • Briefly discuss main concepts of previous lesson about changes during puberty. • As a class list male and female changes during puberty. Content Bites: Changes in Both Males and Females • Growth spurt • Acne • Perspiration increases • Permanent teeth all in Male Changes (ages 10-16) • Broader shoulders • Muscle growth • Hair under arms, on face, chest and pubic area • Growth of penis and testicles • Sperm production begins • Larynx enlarges, voice deepens • Some breast enlargement may occur • Hairline recession may begin Female Changes (ages 9-16) • Broader hips • Narrower waist • Hair under arms and in the pubic area • External genitals enlarge • Growth of uterus and ovaries • Breast development • Ovulation occurs • Menstruation begins Overview of Today’s Lesson and Why It Is Relevant • Today we will be discussing the reproductive system. You will learn anatomy and functions of the reproduction system and how to properly care for your reproductive system. • It’s important to know the anatomy to better understand how your body works and to maintain your overall health and wellness.
Development:
 Function of the Reproductive System • Ask students what the function of the reproduction system? Content Bite: Book Definition (pg. 328): Consists of body organs that are involved in production of offspring. • Tell: Unlike other body systems, the male and female reproductive systems are not the same. In addition they require different care. 3. Male Reproductive System • Refer to page 329 in your text. • As a class go through and label and provide definitions for each part. Content Bite: A. Sperm-male reproductive cells. B. Seminal vesicles- } C. Prostate gland- }-- glands that produce seminal fluid that mixes with sperm to form semen. D. Cowper’s glands- } E. Urethra-a tube that carries urine from the bladder to outside of body. F. Penis-the external sexual organ. G. Testes-2 small glands that produce sperm. H. Scrotum-a sac that contains the testes. I. Vas deferens-tubes that extend from each epididymis to the urethra. J. Epididymis-network of tubes in which the sperm mature and are stored temporarily. K. Ejaculation-forces semen through the urethra and out of the body. 4. Female Reproductive System • Refer to page 330 in your text. • As a class go through and label and provide definitions for each part. Content Bite: A. Egg or Ova-female reproductive cells. B. Ovaries-contains ova, or eggs, and hormones that cause the eggs to mature. C. Fallopian tubes-carry eggs from the ovaries to the uterus. D. Uterus-or womb, shelters and nourishes the fetus. E. Endometrium-the lining of the uterus. F. Cervix-the opening of the uterus. G. Vagina-a muscular passageway from the uterus to outside the body. H. Ovulation-the process of releasing an egg cell from an ovary. I. Menstruation-the process of discharging blood and tissue from the uterus. J. Menstrual cycle-is the time from one menstruation to another. • Talk about a typical menstruation cycle pg. 331 Content Bite: Typical Menstrual Cycle: 1. Days 1 to 13 – Egg cell matures inside the ovary. 2. Day 14 – Ovulation occurs and a mature egg is released into the fallopian tubes. 3. Days 15 to 20 – Egg travels through the fallopian tube. 4. Days 21 to 28 – Egg enters the uterus, if egg is not fertilized after 7 days menstruation begins.
Practice:
 Reproduction • Reproduction or the production of offspring requires fertilization. • What is fertilization? Content Bite: Fertilization is the union of the male and female reproductive system. 6. Caring for the Reproductive System • Refer to page 332. • Why is it important to care for your reproductive system? Content Bite: It is important because if you don’t you could develop problems such as infection and possible infertility. Also with proper care you can detect cancers early. • Have students go through male and female reproductive problems on page 332 and 333. • What are some ways to care for your reproductive system? Content Bite: Male Reproductive problems: • Testicular or prostate cancer-uncontrolled cell growth that destroys glands and surrounding tissue • Inguinal hernia-part of intestine pushes into the scrotum, caused by improperly lifting heavy objects • Sterility-inability to produce healthy sperm in sufficient numbers to reproduce • Enlarged prostate gland-a common problem associated with aging Female Reproductive Problems: • Premenstrual syndrome-physical and emotional changes before menstruation; headaches, moodiness, irritability • Toxic shock syndrome-rare but serious bacterial infection associated with tampon use • Infertility-inability to reproduce due to blockage in fallopian tubes or failure of ovaries to produce eggs • Vaginitis-infection of vagina; pain, itching, and discharge • Ovarian cysts-growths on outside of ovary • Cancer-can affect breasts, ovaries, uterus, and cervix
Accommodations:
 Give handouts or study guides to students that may need extra help with understanding the material.
Checking For Understanding:
 . Summarize and Debrief Debriefing Review and Discussion Points Content • Have students’ complete Concept mapping worksheet. Then go through as a class. Content Bites: Refer to answer key.
Closure:
 • Have students get into groups of two. Give each group a set of shuffled Order Me Around cards. Have them correctly sequence the phases of the menstrual cycle. Content Bites: Menstrual cycle: menstruation, new lining forms, egg matures, ovulation, egg disintegrates
Evaluation:
 Assessment Activities Content Check for understanding: Debriefing questions. Performance Event: Concept Mapping worksheet and Female Reproductive System worksheet Performance Event: Order Me Around card activity

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