Lesson Plan : Understanding Perspective

 Teacher Name: Alice Andreini Grade: College/University Subject: Arts and Crafts

 Topic: basic Perspective Principles Content: Linear Perspective History overview intuitive perspective Mechanical perspective: A mathematical system that takes into consideration the way lines of sight converge to the eye of the beholder and the way that parallel lines seem to converge to a single point on the horizon. Horizon line one,two and three point perspective. the picture plane vanishing points orthogonal or converging lines the station point the center of vision the geometry of the square scale Goals: Articulate and decipher form and space through the application of basic perspective principles and geometry. Visualize and develop pictorial ideas through the drawing process Demonstrate the ability to use the perspective grid in defining proportion for multiple objects in a given space. Define perspective terms. Follow oral and written directions. Objectives: Meet the instructor and go over the syllabus Obtain an overview of the class. Gain a general knowledge of Linear Perspective. Draw or trace cubes using intuitive perspective Learn to draw simple perspective subjects using drafting tools. Define the grid define the grid Drawing the illusion of depth. Draw squares and cubes in one-point perspective. Draw a 1-point grid and cubes within the grid. Materials: H Pencil, T-square, ruler, 18X24 paper, tracing paper, 45-degree triangle Introduction: Terminology using the drafting tools correctly Draw squares and cubes in 1-point and 2-point perspective. Draw grids in one-point perspective Development: Begin with a horizon line drawn somewhere near the center of the sheet. locate the vanishing point for squares in point perspective Draw squares that are horizontal and vertical use intuitive perspective to "feel out" the first square. Fine the VP for the 45-degree diagonal and use it to draw four more squares notice when the square sop looking right. When they are outside the cone of vision. Turn the squares into cubes Complete the same steps for squares and cubes in 2-point perspective. Draw a 1-point grid. Draw the plane of elevation of the perspective set-up Practice: Start with a one-point square and multiply it to create a grid. Draw the plan and side views of your perspective set-up change the distance and height of the station point. what happens? Draw a one-point room grid according to specification Checking For Understanding: how many sides does does a cube have? how many sides of a cube can we see at one time? when using the system of linear perspective sides that are parallel to each other but are not parallel to the picture plane will always do what What changes when you move the station point closer to the picture Plane? What type of triangle defines the diagonal through a square? in one-point perspective the planes that are parallel to the Picture Plane retain their true geometry. What does this mean? planes that are angled away from the Picture Planes will be foreshortened. What does this mean? The foreshortening of plane will be less the more horizontal it is to the picture plane. Does this mean that you will see more or less of that plane? Why is important to be able to visualize a cube? Closure: The principles of perspective are fairly simple. It does take practice to learn to apply them. learning to draw is a very important skill to develop and it begins with the ability to visualize drawing things mechanically in perspective will help you to understand how and might look as it is moved within a 3-dimensional space. Evaluation: Things seem to get smaller as they recede back into space. Students should understand that the space between lines that are parallel to each other will also get smaller Students should feel comfortable using vanishing points to define the angels of these edges. Students should understand the concept of the Horizontal Line and the Picture Plane students should be able to draw a square in perspective Students should understand how to use diagonals to multiply and define a square. students should be able to draw a room grid and to draw cubes within the grid environment.