### Teacher Guide to Graphing Resources

#### What are the different types of graphs commonly used? Why do we use them?

Graphs, why do we use them? Graphs are commonly referred to as charts and are usually data which can be represented by symbols. A chart can easily represent numeric data and functions in order to give a person an idea of the current or even a forecast situation in a certain business or a schedule. Often in class we use graphing worksheets to help students understand the details of graphs. We hope to help you write fantastic graphing lesson plans with just a little extra knowledge.

**The commonly used graphs for data presentation are:**

**Pictographs** - This is the most basic form of graphing. This
is usually where we start all students. As you can see below, a pictograph
just display numerical information or data using pictures or icons
as a reference.

**Histograms** - This is a graph display of frequencies
that appear as rectangles which show intervals where progression is
measured over time. Histograms are used to present continuous data.
For example, numbers of people who go to the shopping mall over the
span of how many months, and so on.

**Bar graphs** - This is a chart that uses rectangular bars and the
lengths along the y-axis are proportional to the quantity of whatever value
it is they represent. The x-axis represents the period within which this
value was measured. Even though bar graphs look similar to histograms, they
are used to display information that is category centered or focused on
different subjects. For example, if you were to take a class survey to find
out students favorite subject area. The data might have five to ten different
categories (Math, Science, Social Studies, English, Health, Physical Education,
Economics, etc.)

A great self guided series of lessons for students on bar graphs. It walks students through the process of identifying the axis, plotting points, connecting points, and making sense of the outcome of data that is graphed. This series works students through a process to transition to line graphs very quickly. Includes vertical and horizontal bar graphs. Provides plenty of guided and independent practice for creating and reading bar graphs.

**Pie charts** - This is where the chart or graph is depicted as a round
disc or pie that is divided into portions according to the percentages of
values being represented. This concept is widely used by businesses when
they make their budget studies and they wish to see the whole in proportion
to their "slice" of the pie.

**Line chart or linear graph** - This is a graph that measures a series
of data points on y-axis over an x-axis of time. This is a point-point type
of system where a period of time determines at which point the line or trend
must end, and a new one begins.

**Area graphs** - This is a graph that represents quantitative
data and derives its basis from the line graph. The area between x-axis
and the line are usually filled in so as to give an idea of cumulated
totals or "stacks." This gives you a quick reference as to the relative
characteristics of the data.

**Coordinate Graphs** - Simply put a coordinate graph demonstrates a
relationship between numbers. A coordinate grid is composed of axes. The**
left to right (horizontal) axis** is called the **x-axis**. The x-axis
increases in value as you move to the right and decreases in value as you
move to left. The **up to down (vertical) axis** is called the **y-axis**.
The y-axis increases in value as you move up and decreases in value as you
move down.

Most graphs are used for presentation especially for businesses worldwide. This is used for their forecasting of sales, products, and budget over time. It really depends on what a presentation needs to be in order to determine what are the different types of graphs commonly used for certain studies and/or businesses.

There are so many other common and uncommon ways of graph presentations that
can be used for giving an audience an idea of the current and possibly future
goals a company may intend to achieve. This hopefully addresses the question
of graphs and the question of why do we use them.

### Related Teacher Resources That Are Worth A Look:

- Charts and Graphs Web Quest
- Class Survey Worksheets
- Graph Paper
- Jelly Bean Sort
- Jelly Bean Sort Graph
- Kids Graphing Page
- I've Got a Bad Case of Loving Math
- Make A Bar Graph Worksheet- Number of Papers
- Make A Line Graph Worksheet- Rainfall, Talking
- Make A Pie Graph- Favorite Game, M & M's Color
- Sit and Be Counted
- Now that's using your head!
- Line, Bar, Pie Graph