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Many people think they are one and the same. The fact is they are very different.
A ratio is s a fraction like 3/4. It can come many forms such as 3 out of 4 equal parts or 3:4, but fundamentally it is a fraction.
A proportion,on the other hand, is an equation that relates 2 ratios. Such as:
3

6


__

=

__

4

8

The early learning standards never really made this clear. The core standards do make this quite clear in the skills that students need to mastery.
Ratios Worksheets 
Proportions Worksheets 
Fruit Stand Ratios
This is a fun one with real world skills. 
Make a Proportion
A deep thinking activity. 
Creating Ratios (Ordered)
We work with guided shapes. 
Shopping with Proportions
This one really hits home with kids for some reason. 
Creating Ratios (Non Ordered)
Students have to do a bit of organizing here. 
Proportion Word Problems
(Simple)
Everyday problems all people are faced with regularly. 
Sentence Based Ratios
A step towards the more moderate. 
Proportion Word Problems
(Hard)
These can be difficult for anyone. 
Finish Off the Ratios
Make your own equivalent ratios. 4 sheets in all. 
Are the Ratios Proportional?
Find an equal proportion or create one. 
Ratio Word Problems
Very simple straight forward problems. 
Solving for the Missing
Proportions
Solve for x over 4 versions here. 
Ratio Sentences and Lacrosse
Many teachers rave about this one. 
Horizontal Proportions
We change the typical format to work on the skill more. 
Write the Ratio of the
Story
Truly reading within the content (math) area on this one. 
Using Proportions to Solve
Word Problems
These can be a bit wordy like national exams. 
Write the Ratio of the
Story 2
Same format new story from above. 
Solving Proportions with
Decimals
Who would have thought introducing a dot makes it that much harder? 
Three Way Ratios
We work on different forms of notation. 

Sales, Stars, and Liquid
Ratio Word Problems
Students like the scenarios in this one. 

Compare the Ratios
Less than, greater than, or equal. 

Story Based Ratio Problems
A nice set that mimics national learning standards. 

Writing Ratios Worksheet
Very introductory based. 

Reducing Ratios
As simple as it gets in this skill set. 