### States of Matter Lesson Plan

#### Content

Volumes of solids
States of Matter: solid to liquid, liquid to solid.
Crystalization
Finding the volumes of solids using integration
Matter and Molecules

Integration, Understanding volumes graphically

Definitions: Solid, liquid, crystalize, evaporate,supersaturated.

Children will gather bottles with different liquids in them and also serval solid objects and then they will observe how the liquids react when you transfer them in to the bottles with the liquids in them.

#### Goals / Aims of The Lesson Plan

1.Introduce the idea of the volumes of solids
2.Understand the purpose of rotating graphs about an axis
3.Understand that integration can be used for more than just area
4. Explain the difference between a solid and a liquid.
5.Explain how combining a solid and liquid changes both a solid and a liquid.
6.Explain how heating and cooling solids and liquids change them.
7. Students will be able to observe the traits of a solid and liquid. They will also be able to tell the density of the object.
8. Students discover that each state of matter is different.
9. Students discover the differences of molecules in each state of matter.

#### Objectives

1. Visualize volumes of solid objects
2. Start to understand the integration formula
3. Identify two of the three states of matter.
4. Observe how heating and cooling changes the matter.
5. Investigate and observe how mixtures can be made by combining solids and liquids.
6. Students will be able to identify that all matter contains particles called molecules.
7. Students will be able to distinguish between the movement of moecules in each of the 3 states of matter.

#### Materials and Aids

White board or tablet, candy in identifiable shapes, Hot plate, wooden spoon,sauce pan or pot,goggles, apron, oven mitten, water, sugar, food coloring, flavoring,wax paper,marker,paper tape, magnifying glass,measuring cup, candy thermometer, glass jar, wet string, nail, paper clip.Technology needed- web camera, laptop, projector and screen.

### Procedure

A. Introduction-

1. Today we will understand that integration is not only for finding the area under a graph
2. There may be some candy involved for some of you
3. Students will review the 3 states of matter.
4. Students will be asked to share what they already know about each of the states of matter.

Has anyone ever made their own candy before? Well today for our science lesson we will be making rock candy, does anyone know what that is? Well rock candy is a syrup mixture that looses moisture and forms little crystlas that look like little rock formations. I'm sure if you ask your parents or grandparents what rock candy is they could tell you all about it. what will the color and flavor for the candy be?

B. Development-

1.I will draw a sample of a sphere and demonstrate how something rotates.
2. Teacher will tell students that all matter is made up of molecules.
3. Teacher will use students to demonstrate what happens to molecules in the 3 different states of matter.
4. Students will view the short video on molecules in matter.

C. Practice-

1.Start by drawing the reeses because it is obvious
2.Move on the the other candies
3. students will make lists of solids and liquids and compare and contrast them.
4.Students will assess what liquids can turn into solids and what solids turn into liquids.
5.Students will mix solids and liquids to determine if they are compatible and what the outcome would be if they were heated or cooled.
6. Students will work in groups and arrange the molecules in various states of matter.

D. Independent Practice-

1.Once finished with the candies, draw some graphs on the board and tell them to practice.
2.Have volunteers come up to the board to finish drawing the graphs.
3. Students will label the 3 states of matter
4. Students will distinguish the differences of molecules in each state by creating a model of the molecules in motion in each of the 3 states.

Students will draw what they see developing over the seven day period and predict what they think will happen.They will journal their thoughts on solids and liquids.

E. Accommodations (Differentiated Instruction)-

1.I would also show students the way that solids are formed by rotating about an axis on the computer. There are many programs that allow students to visualize the creation of solids.

2. Small group or 1:1 assistance provided as needed.

F. Checking for understanding-

1.Are there any questions?
2.Assign homework that has students practicing drawing graphs and rotating

G. Closure-

1.Today were learned that we can find volumes of solids by integrating
2. Teacher will ask students to share what they discovered about molecules and matter.
3 2.Tomorrow, we will start with equations and learn how to integrate using the graphs of specific equations

At the end of the seven day period the students will then explain as a group what the process was of making rock candy as well as what the difference in solid and liquids are.

F. Evaluation-

1.student recognition of candy shapes
2.understanding volume by integration

Mini True/False quiz to assess today's understanding. Brief pupils on their ongoing assignment: Over the seven days, pupils will: note down what changes that they see happening as well as keep a journal to demonstrate the changes over time, such as the liquid disappearing and the the crystals forming.