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Changing a Tire Lesson Plan

About This Lesson: Changing a tire that has gone flat with a spare tire.

In this course, learners will learn how to:

-jack up a car in order to prepare to change a flat tire

-remove the flat tire

-install a spare tire

Vocabulary

Tire
Jack, screw-type scissors jack
Jack up a car
Hand crank
Air pressure gauge
Emergency brake
Tire iron
Wheel lug
Car frame
Wheel studs
Brake hub
Torque rating

Topics:

1-Call state police 711 non emergency
2-Hazard Lights
3-Get as far off road as possible
4-Emergency Brake
5-Flares
6-Breaking of Lug Nuts
7-Jack Safety
8-Restoring Lug Nuts

Goals / Aims

To properly change a tire on a car using proper tire changing tools.

1. Elevate a car using a jack.
2. Removal of a flat tire from a vehicle.
3. Replace the flat tire with a spare tire.

Objectives

1. Identify key parts on a vehicle related to the tire changing process
2. List necessary tire changing tools
3. Explain importance of proper jack placement
4. Diagram key parts on a vehicle related to the tire changing process
5. Demonstrate proper tire-changing including jack usage and lug wheel removal/replacement
6. Assess a peers tire-changing skill

Basic Procedure that Should Be Followed:

1. Properly place and utilize a jack to elevate a vehicle with a flat tire.
2. Remove a flattened tire from a vehicle.
3. Place a spare tire onto a vehicle and tighten for safe vehicle operation.
4. Lower vehicle and remove the jack.

Materials and Aids

Video
Worksheets

1. Vehicle with four tires (one tire being flat)
2. An automobile jack
3. Spare tire
4. Tire iron
5. Car manual
6. Tire air pressure gauge

Procedures/Methods

A. Introduction-

1. Show a video of driving on a dark, deserted road when the driver realizes the car has a flat tire.

2. The driver calls for assistance, but is told that it will be several hours before someone can be there.

3. If only the driver knew how to change a tire, he or she could be on the way in a short time.

Teacher Discussion:

1. Overview of why it is important to check the tire pressure of your vehicles tires regularly.
2. Cover the repercussions of driving on tires that are not properly inflated or flat.
3. Review the costs associated with having tires professionally changed as opposed to changing tires on your own.

Paint the scenario:
1.There is a big party on Friday night.
2.Everybody is going to be there
3.You are stuck on the side of the road.
4.Your being at the party depends on your ability to properly change a flat tire.

B. Development-

1. Instructor will provide examples of properly inflated and improperly inflated car tires.
2. Instructor will demonstrate the proper placement and use of a car jack and tire iron.
3. Instructor will go through the motions of loosening and removing a flat tire.
4. Instructor will demonstrate placing the spare tire on the vehicle and safely tightening of the lug nuts.
5. Instructor will demonstrate the steps of lowing the vehicle back down to the ground and removing the jack.C. Independent Practice-

1.Students will get into small groups and act out a skit on bullying. The class will then explain how the skit showed bullying and what they should have done instead of being a bully.

2.Students will draw a picture describing either when they had been bullied, seen someone being bullied or had been bullied themselves.

C. Practice

In even groups, students will:

1. Practice placing and utilizing the car jack to raise and lower the vehicle.
2. Practice loosening and removing lug nuts from the tire.
3. Practice remove the tire from the car and replacing the tire.
4. Practice lowering the vehicle and removing the jack.

D. Independent Practice-

1. Identify key parts on a vehicle related to the tire changing process
2. List necessary tire changing tools
3. Explain importance of proper jack placement
4. Diagram key parts on a vehicle related to the tire changing process
5. Demonstrate proper tire-changing including jack usage and lug wheel removal/replacement
6. Assess a peers tire-changing skill
7. Students pair up and cooperatively change a tire

 

Once group practice has concluded, students will have the opportunity to practice the following individually:

1. Practice placing and utilizing the car jack to raise and lower the vehicle.
2. Practice loosening and removing lug nuts from the tire.
3. Practice remove the tire from the car and replacing the tire.
4. Practice lowering the vehicle and removing the jack.

E. Accommodations (Differentiated Instruction)-

1. For those that are unable to lift the tire on and off of the vehicle, physical assistance will be provided.
2. For students that attempt, but are not able to loosen/tighten lug nuts, physical assistance will be provided.

F. Checking for understanding

The instructor will review the steps in changing the tire on a car. Each student will then be put through a simulation (without physically changing the tire) and answering the instructor's questions as they go through the steps of changing the tire.

G. Closure

1. Recap of the importance of maintaining properly inflated and functioning tires on an automobile.
2. Answer any outstanding questions.

Evaluation

In order to successfully complete the course, students will be tested on their ability to successfully:

1. Loosen the lug nuts on an automobile.
2. Properly place a car jack and raise the car to the appropriate level to change a tire.
3. Remove a flat tire from a car.
4. Replace the flat tire with a spare tire.
5. Tighten the lug nuts on the spare tire to ensure safe vehicle operation.
6. Lower the car and remove the car jack.
7 .Students will be able to list or articulate at least 6 safety procedures.
8.Students will be able to execute the 6 phases of tire changing within 5 minutes.

Teacher Reflection

1. Were there any students that were unable to change the tire? If so, why do you feel they were unsuccessful?
2. Were there any parts of the lesson that needed to be reorganized?
3. Are there any missing steps in the process that should be added during future classes?

Need to spend more time thinking on various ways to differentiate this lesson based on students' ability.

-Can they change a tire?
- Was there a need for reorganization?
-Are there missing steps or needs to reorganize.
-Any missing steps?

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