Lesson Plan Title : Making an Underground Railroad Safe House

Age Range: Grade 3 through Grade 5 (Elementary)

Overview and Purpose: In this lesson, students make a safe house similar to the ones used in the Underground Railroad.

Objective: The student will be able to work with the class to build a typical safe house that was used during the time of the Underground Railroad.


Information about the Underground Railroad

Pictures of Underground Railroad safe houses

Refrigerator or other large box


Other materials needed to make the safe house


As you teach the students about the Underground Railroad, show them pictures of where runaway slaves would hide as they made the trip north. Have students work together as a class to make a safe house. They can use a variety of materials to make the room as authentic as possible.

Wrap Up:

Students can also complete this activity in small groups. They can make a historical safe house or a modern one for their classroom. If they make a modern one, they should make it as inconspicuous as possible and challenge students or teachers from other classes to find it.