Functional Behavioral Assessment Generator
This generator can be used to make functional behavioral assessment, which is a process of problem solving used to address a chronic behavior problem. To learn more about functional behavioral assessments, view our full tutorial entitled "Conducting A Functional Behavioral Assessment".
What Is Functional Behavioral Assessment (FBA)?
Some students are often disruptive in class, with behavioral issues occurring repeatedly. These issues can seriously affect the academic performance of these kids and sometimes lead to termination from school if the situation exacerbates. To avoid such extreme yet possible scenarios, Functional Behavioral Assessment (FBA) plays a crucial role.
Functional Behavior/Behavioral Assessment (FBA) is a method used to diagnose the underlying causes of a person's challenging behaviors. FBA provides a framework for understanding the relationship between a person's problematic behaviors (e.g., aggression, self-injury, tantrums, etc.) and the environment in which those behaviors occur. The main goal of FBA is to identify a person's strengths so that treatment can be more effective.
Since it's a process, FBA best produces outcomes when its steps are followed in proper order. Here are the functional behavior assessment steps:
Explain the Problematic Behavior
Like any other problem-solving tool, FBA requires a detailed account of the problem, which in this case is a child's behavior. Instead of describing behaviors as disruptive or good, information that’s precise and comprehensive about what happened is appreciated. For instance, how do they channel their anger if a student becomes angry? There must be a specific way, and a detailed account of the occurrence may help lead to the root cause.
The next step is to gather information regarding the behavior of the student. The goal is to collect details regarding the disruptive behavior, including the usual time of the behavioral issue, its frequency, patterns or similarities between two different episodes, etc. To gather such data, the team can take help from teachers, parents, classmates, and often the students themselves.
After gathering the data, analyzing it is the next step. This step is where the causes of students' behavior are identified. The reasons that surface in this step are the basis of the Behavior Intervention Plan.
Devise a Plan
Ultimately, the team running the assessment develops a plan to reduce or control the student's challenging behavior. A school counselor often plays a vital role in the planning process, but the execution of such strategies depends on every person surrounding the student in and out of school.
Execution of the BIP
Since the devised plan is custom to the student, there isn't one set way of carrying out such procedures. However, teachers and parents remain at the center of such plans as observers. They are assigned the task of keeping an eye out for any disruptive behavior after the plan's execution begins and the slightest of changes indicating the plan's success.
Functional Behavioral Assessment is a valuable tool in identifying and eliminating triggers in a student's life causing disruptive behavior. Despite its functionality, FBA is used only in rare and extreme cases. Since it's a step-based process, it's also time-consuming, but there is no quick fix to behavioral problems. Hence for carrying out BIPs, patience and sharp eyes are always appreciated.