Basic Science Principle Lesson Plans
- Acid/Base Indicators-
To show that plant extracts are indicators for acids and bases.
- Balancing Equations-
To learn to balance simple equations by the trial and error method.
- Bubbles: Science or
Fun?- After blowing bubbles, students will be able to test the effect
of four differently shape wands and three geometric figures in a bubble
- Burning vs Heating-
To teach the concepts of chemical and physical changes, and the differences
between burning and heating.
- Can Cruncher- Purpose
is to show what happens to the pressure inside a container of steam when
it is cooled and how the pressure affects the boiling point of a liquid.
- Can You Measure Up!-
The students will discover the importance of standards when measuring.
The students will learn how to use the meter stick or meter tape.
the Freezing Point of Water with Salt- To determine the temperature
at which water freezes. To understand why salt water freezes at a lower
temperature than plain water.
- Computer Software and
ACS Materials For Chemistry- Computer software can provide an acceptable
alternative to doing experiments and demonstrations involving dangerous
and/or expensive materials.
- Conservation of Energy-
To demonstrate the law of the conservation of energy(blocks) without counting
the units of energy directly.
- Densities- This
activity will help the middle school student understand the concept of
density. Students will develop and utilize skills in observing, predicting
- Density- Discover
that density is a unique physical property of matter.
- Density And Volume-
Identify an unknown liquid substance after finding the density of several
- Density as a Unique
Physical Property- Learn how to determine the volume of an object
by two techniques: using volume formulas and displacement of water.
- Density Determination-
Purpose is to learn and practice techniques and calculations for determining
volume and density of a substance.
- Density of Liquids-
Students will learn that the temperature of water affects its density.
- Density: Qualitative
and Quantitative- I will measure the mass and volume of three objects
and calculate the density of the material in each.
- Density Phenomena -
Using the concept of density- I will use the term density to explain
three applications of density presented by the teacher.
- Discovering C.A.S.T.
(Cohesion, Adhesion and Surface Tension)- This lesson demonstrates
the concepts of C.A.S.T. while participating in the experiments.
- Discovering Gravity:
What Goes Up Must Come Down- Students will compare how fast objects
of different weights fall.
- Dispersement of Particles:
Diffusion and Osmosis- Students will be able to describe the many
ways in which particles move and transfer from one source to other areas.
- Electricity: Static
And Current- Compare conductors and insulators and explain how they
are used. Construct a battery to show the electrical flow in order to
demonstrate the proper use of electricity.
- Elements, Compounds,
and Mixtures- To distinguish and describe the three types of matter:
elements, compounds, mixtures.
- Estimation and Significant
Figures- This activity will aid the student in understanding the estimation
of measurements and the use of significant figures in measurement and
- Everyone has Problems,
but Chemists have Solutions- Relate chemical solutions to everyday
- Eye Safety- To make
the students aware of the need for eye safety in the classroom through
three mini labs.
- Grab Bag Experiment-
Students will describe: variable, data, axis, horizontal, vertical, manipulate,
- Indirect Observation-
Students will develop an appreciation of indirect observation and make
the connection between this activity and the historical determination
of the molecular structure of matter.
- Is More Expensive More
Absorbent?- Students will find out through experimentation which paper
towel is the most absorbent as well as which one is the best cost value
for their money.
- Just How Thick Is Aluminum
Foil Anyway???- To determine the thickness of a sheet of aluminum
foil from the density of aluminum metal.
- "WHAT IS THE MASS OF A DINOSAUR?"- Students will learn the difference
between mass and weight.
- Measurement- The
students will learn the necessity for the use of standards.
- Metrics- To familarize
intermediate grades 4-6 with the metric system.
- Metrics in the Home
and in the Store- Students will be able to compare Metric Measurements
used in common household items to their English equivalents.
- Passing The Heat Along-
To show fifth graders how heat passes through conductors. To show fifth
graders how different materials contain heat.
- Periodicity (The Periodic
Table)- Relate chemical properties of elements to their position in
the Periodic Table.
- Physical And Chemical
Changes- Students identify the different changes as they relate to
- Physical and Chemical
Changes In Matter- The student will also be able to recognize the
difference, upon sight, when and why one of the changes occurred, and
verbally explain what they have seen in their own words.
- Popcorn- Students
will learn what causes popcorn to pop.
- Reading The Periodic
Table- Categorize a group of shells and unknown elements using different
- Relative Masses-
The purpose of this mini-teach is to demonstrate the meaning of relative
mass and to set up a scale of relative masses.
- Scientific Method: The
Big Ahah- The students will be able to use the scientific method,
understand it's importance to good scientific experimentation and provide
justification for it's use.
- Sewer Lice- Demonstrate
forces of adhesion and cohesion and equilibrium density. Explain that
if the pressure on a gas decreases, the gas will expand.
Tension (Soap Boat)- Students will become familiar with surface tension.
Students will determine if soap will affect surface tension. Students
will determine if water temperature affects surface tension.
- The Amazing Apple-
To acquaint students with the phenomenon of using "an apple" to practice
inquiry process skills of observing, classifying, inferring, predicting,
using numbers, interpreting data, controlling variables and experimenting.
- The Conservation Of
Mass (The Mass Of Gas)- This experiment will help students with their
understanding of matter in all of its phases. It will show that in a chemical
reaction where a gas is produced, the mass does not change.
- The Magnificent Breathing
Machine- To become aware of the functions of the lungs in our bodies.
To become aware that air is made up of gases.
- The Relationship Between
Salinity and the Density of Water- The student will be able to: a)
find the density of a liquid b) understand the meaning of solubility and
- The Scientific Method
Using Mystery Powders- Utilize the scientific process to determine
the physical and chemical properties of a variety of common substances.
- The World of Molecules-
Students will perform phenomological activities related to ionic and covalent
Endothermic and exothermic reactions.
- Using Density to Identify
Metals- To teach the techniques of measuring the density of some common
metals. To identify a metal by its density.
Objects Sink and What Objects Float- The objective of this mini-teach
is to explore the problem of why certain objects sink and why certain
objects float with Severe and Profound Non-categorical Special Education