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The ancient Egypt was one of the ancient civilizations found east of the North American continent. The settlements were heavily concentrated near the banks of the Nile River because of the aridity of the region. Thus, they were force to stay near their water source. This ancient civilization has prospered in great number of ways, and its history has been influential in science and social studies, not only in the North American continent but for the rest of the world as well.
Ancient Egypt's history had been noted earlier as 5500BC. It was divided in notable periods and kingdoms. In the pre-dynastic period, 3100BC-5500BC various tribes we're bounded in the stretch of the Nile River. The interactions within these tribes later develop as a series of cultures, agricultural and other ornamental details had been accounted in this period including identifiable pottery. With the increase in territory and resources of their civilizations, they were able to manufacture a number of high-quality artifacts, from the precious jewelries of the leaders to the simple such as combs. This was highlighted by their development of the faience, a ceramic glaze which had been applied not only in pottery but in other decorative ornaments as well. In its waning years, the Naqada culture developed the early system of hieroglyphics, wherein symbols where used communicate, this system was later evolved and was widely used as the Ancient Egyptian writing system. Early dynastic period, 3100BC-2600BC was signaled by the establishment of different dynasties and unification of Lower and Upper Egypt by Menes. Under central power, pharaoh, despite those developments, there had been a period wherein there progress was halted by famine and drought. This resulted from the economic downfall of the pharaoh to support the growing centralized administration. The establishment of the Middle kingdom around 2040-1700 BC prompted the resumption of their growing culture. Art and literature prospered, together with other monumental buildings' completion. Amenemhat III, its last ruler allowed foreign Asiatic settlers, to reside into the delta region in hopes of increasing its workforce for various engineering campaigns and mining its resources and triggered the second intermediate period. Tuthmosis I, was the first of the new kingdom pharaohs to utilize military power to secure their largest Egyptian territory. By securing kingdom boarders, they were able to develop more in terms of buildings and monuments, greatly exhibiting prosperity at the period. Monuments were built for the God, Amun, whose worshippers had increasing numbers in the Karnak Region. During the time of Ramesses II, the wealth of the country as noted in the increased numbers of monumental structures had attracted many invaders to take control of Egypt. After a series of skirmishes and an all out war Egypt was fallen under Syria and Palestine. After these Assyrians left Egypt, the Persians take hold of Egypt as its own. The Persian ruler Mazaces, were convinced by Alexander the Great to hand him Egypt with little to no resistance at all. Under this ruler, Egypt was very unstable with lots of revolts, Syrian invaders and their corrupted officials as well. Because of that it was easily captured by Rome, and was made a roman province. It was in this period that ancient Egypt had suffered the greatest decline in all science and social studies; and other technological advance.
Through the introduction of Christianity, ancient Egyptian culture was coined pagan beliefs and suffered great consequences as decline in the knowledge of their language including the ability to read hieroglyphics.
Though the ancient Egyptian civilization was halted many times, they were able to develop a lot of historical advancements and left many interesting legacies such as The Great Pyramids, and the Hieroglyphics.