Lesson Plan : Zaire: The land of dense forests

Teacher Name:
 Ms. Namrata Rana
Grade:
 Grade 5
Subject:
 Social Studies

Topic:
 Zaire: The Land of Dense forests
Content:
 Explaining about the location of equatorial forests of the world. To know about the climate, vegetation, wildlife, people, food and crops, minerals, industry, water resources, etc of Zaire.
Goals:
 By the end of the lesson, the students will be able to know about Zaire in particular.
Objectives:
 - To locate equatorial forests of South America, Africa and South-east Asia. - Locate ‘Zaire’ on the map of Africa and mark its capital and physical features. - Relate vegetation and climate. - Analyze and reason the following concepts – a) Why the rainfall in equatorial forests is called ‘tropical rainfall’. b) The temperature near the equator is higher than that of North Temperate Zone, South Temperate Zone and the Frigid Zone. c) Why the days are of same length throughout the year. d) Compare the climate and vegetation found in Equatorial forests to that of your region. - Evaluate the happening that ‘what if the trees are cut down in the equatorial forests?’ - Why Africa is called the ‘Dark Continent’.
Materials:
 Audio visual, powerpoint
Introduction:
 Teacher introduces the chapter by revising the different climatic zones: - What are the different climatic zones? - Which zone receives the maximum amount of sun rays? - Does India falls on the line of Equator? - How is the temperature in India? - What do you think would be the climate of Africa? - What do you think would be the climate of the cities which fall exactly on the line of equator?
Development:
 Teacher shows the world map and explains the location Central African Republic (Zaire) on world map. Day 1 -What is equatorial forest? -Where are they located -Why Zaire is called the land of the dense forests. -Locate equatorial forest region on the map. -Making journey to Zaire. -Marking equatorial forests on the line of equator in the map booklet. -Find out other equatorial forest regions in the world and mark. -World map showing equatorial forests. -Map of Zaire -Atlas Day 2 -Recapitulation -Climate of your place, climate of any other country you have visited, climate of any other state you have visited. -Climate of Zaire What is tropical rainfall? -What is cloudburst? -Vegetation of Zaire -Why vegetation is rich in Zaire -Relate the vegetation and climate of Zaire together. -Comparing Zaire climatic conditions to the climatic condition of your region -Why are they different? -How do the distance of the particular place from the equator matter for the variation in climate. -Type of vegetation found in your region (Children will present their own views for assessment) Day 3 - Recapitulation - Wild Life in Zaire - Tsetse fly - Why wild life in Zaire is called ‘natural zoo of the world’ - People in Zaire a) Tribes found in Zaire b) Their physical characteristics c) Their peculiarities d) Their lifestyle, food habits, clothing, etc. -Modern and important cities of Zaire - Economic life of people in Zaire -Comparing wild life and people of Zaire to that of your region. -Show pictures of wild life. (optional) Day 4 -Recapitulation -Discuss the food and crops of Zaire -Minerals found in Zaire -Water resources -Means of transport -Comparing Zaire: before and now (development and progress) Day 5 (Recapitulation of the whole chapter by individually asking the students to come in front and explain the different topics of Zaire.) -After revising the whole chapter, teacher explains the concept of ‘dark continent’ to students.
Practice:
 -Marking equatorial forests on the world map -collecting the pictures of the wild anmals of Zaire
Checking For Understanding:
 -ACTIVITY: Form a crossword puzzle for the following: 1) Now called Shaba 2) Important food crops 3) People who move from place to place 4) Heavy downpour 5) A neighbouring country in the South 6) Second longest river of Africa 7) Staple food
Closure:
 -Closure of the lesson by presentation in groups by students. -Teacher recaps the lesson by revising the important points.
Evaluation:
 -Evaluation is done day to day with by interaction while teaching in the classroom with the questioning techniques.

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