Another great lesson plan from TeAch-nology.com! The Web Portal For Educators! (http://www.teach-nology.com)
Using Word Referents Subjects
by Barbara Mariconda and Dea Auray
Topic: Language Arts
Brief Description: Use word referents to enhance word choice and rich vocabulary.
Keywords: narrative writing, expository writing, word choice, vocabulary development, parts of speech
Write one of the following paragraphs on the chart, overhead, or board. (Use the first paragraph is your focus will be on narrative writing, use the second for expository writing.)
Read the paragraph to the class, emphasizing the repeated key words - in the First paragraph “leprechaun” and “he”, in the second, “horseshoe crab” and “it”.
Explain that within the context of an entire piece of writing, those key words might be repeated numerous times in redundant fashion. An author might want to vary that redundant word choice to add interest and richness to the writing. Using “word referents” can accomplish this.
Create a chart of “alternative words and phrases” as follows, adjectives in the left column, nouns in the right:
Ask the class for more suggestions. Now, substitute the word referents for the key words and see how the writing improves!
Finally, have students try creating “word referents” for key words in an existing piece or a new piece of writing. For further practice try the same exercise with the following “key words”: knight, elephant, cell phone, America - or choose some of your own which relate to your curriculum.
Barbara Mariconda and Dea Auray, Empowering Writers www.empoweringwriters.com