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Deforestation is the conversion of forested areas to non-forest land use such as arable land, urban ____________ logged area or wasteland. ____________ this meant conversion to grassland or to its artificial counterpart, grainfields; however, the Industrial ____________ added ____________ Generally this removal or destruction of significant areas of forest cover has resulted in a degraded environment with reduced biodiversity. In developing countries, ____________ deforestation is ongoing and is shaping climate and geography. Deforestation results from removal of trees ____________ sufficient reforestation; however, even with reforestation, significant biodiversity ____________ may occur. There are ____________ causes, ranging from slow forest degradation to sudden and catastrophic wildfires.
Deforestation can be the result of the deliberate removal of forest ____________ for agriculture or urban development, or it can be ____________ unintentional consequence of ____________ grazing (which can prevent the natural regeneration of young ____________ The combined effect ____________ grazing and fires can be a major cause ____________ deforestation in dry areas. In addition to the direct ____________ brought about by forest removal, indirect effects caused by edge effects ____________ ____________ ____________ ____________ greatly magnify the effects of deforestation.
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