Lesson Plan : Fun in the Sun for Everyone

Teacher Name:
 Nicole Verdugo
Grade:
 College/University
Subject:
 PE and Health

Topic:
 Proper Wear of the Helmet & Bicycle Safety
Content:
 Key Vocabulary: Nape: Rear Tag-along: A one wheeled cycle with pedals and handlebars that attaches to bicycle. Trailer: A low, meshed-covered seat that is supported by two wheels.
Goals:
 Educate on bicycle safety, and the proper wear of a bicycle helmet.
Objectives:
 Attendees will: -Know how to identify whether or not a helmet meets the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission standard (CPSC) -Know how to properly fit a bicycle helmet -Be familiar with the Minnesota Bicycle Laws -Informed of safe alternatives for a child bicycle seat
Materials:
 Teacher Materials: -Handouts: Pamphlets- 1)"A Consumer's Guide to Bicycle Helmets" 2)"How to Fit A Bicycle Helmet" Minnesota Bicycle Laws Hand & Arms Signals for Bicycling Tag-alongs and Bike Trailer Information Sheet -Helmets (one adult size and one youth size) -Bicycle -Tag-along
Introduction:
 Set-up beforehand: -Place bike in front -Place tag-along next to bike -Place helmets and hand-outs on a table located next the bike -Ensure there is one helmet that is already pre-fitted to my head or to an assistant's head. Begin handing out the hand-outs as I start my introduction INTRO: Thank you for coming to today's Bicycle Safety Clinic. My name is ______________, and I'll be conducting today's clinic. With spring and summer coming it is important that we stay safe on our bicycles while we are enjoying them. So, today we are going to go over how to identify whether or not a bicycle helmet meets the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission standard (CPSC); how to properly fit a bicycle helmet; familiarize ourselves with the Minnesota bicycle laws; and some safe alternatives to a child bicycle seat.
Development:
 Once the introduction is complete allow the attendees a few minutes to look over hand-outs. Begin with "A Consumer's Guide to Bicycle Helmets" -Go over some of the facts -Crashes occur every 4,500 miles on average. -75% of the 800+ annual deaths from bicycle crashes are from head injuries. -Medical research has shown that 85% of the head injuries can be prevented by the proper wear of a bicycle helmet. -The most important standard for helmets sold in the U.S. is the U.S. CPSC. -To find out if a bicycle helmet meets the U.S. CPSC standard look for the CPSC sticker. -Ask if there are any questions Next is "How to Fit A Bicycle Helmet" -Read aloud the Quick Summary -Take the pre-fitted bicycle helmet from the table, and show the attendees the different parts of the helmet. -Pads -Rear (Nape) Straps -Front Straps -The "V" that forms where the front and the rear strap come together. -Demonstrate how a properly fitted bicycle helmet will look on a cyclist's head. -Place the pre-fitted helmet on my head, or the assistant's head (whomever's head the helmet was fitted to prior to the beginning of the clinic). -Show that the bicycle helmet is level on head. -Show how the helmet fits with the pads touching comfortably all the way around without any major spaces. -State that the use of thicker and thinner pads can help to ensure the bicycle helmet is padded properly. -State that the helmet should sit just above the eyebrows, or if wearing glasses just above the frame of the glasses. -Bring the straps together, and show how the "V" is just below the ear with no slack. -Buckle the straps under the chin. -If the strap hangs down, or two fingers can be slid in between the chin and the stap then it is too loose, and it needs to be adjusted. -Test the helmet: #1) Shake head back and forth a few times; stop shaking head, and place palm under the front edge and push up and back. -If the helmet moves more than 1", exposing bare forehead; then the front strap may need to be tightened, or the nape (rear) strap may need to be loosened. -If adjustments were made re-buckle the straps, and retest the helmet beginning with Step #1. If no adjustments were made move on to Step #2. #2)Grab the back of the helmet and pull up. -If you can move the helmet more than 1" tighten the nape strap. -If adjustments were made re-buckle the straps, and retest the helmet beginning with Step #1. If no adjustments were made you are finished. #3)If you can not get teh helmet to fit try another helmet. -The Goal of Fitting A Bicycle Helmet -To get the helmet to fit SNUG, LEVEL, AND STABLE -Ask if there are any questions Following the bicycle helmet fitting will be the Minnesota bicycle laws. -Read aloud the hand and arm signals, and demonstrate the hand and arm signals as they are shown on the sheet. -Read aloud the "Minnesota Bicycle Laws" -Ask if there are any questions The final hand-out will be the "Alternatives for a Child Bicycle Seat" -State the safety factors of the alternatives. -Demonstrate how to mount a tag-along to a bicycle.
Practice:
 Allow for hands-on practicing at the end of the clinic, and answer any questions that may arise.
Checking For Understanding:
 Hand out a rubrics for each attendee to fill out, and at the bottom of the rubrics there are five questions for the attendee to answer.
Closure:
 CONCLUSION: In summary, it is important that while you out riding your bike and enjoying a sunny day, you do it safely. By knowing how to tell whether or not your helmet meets the right standards, how to properly wear your helmet, and the rules of the road you will increase your chances of having a fun and safe bicycling experience. That concludes today's bike safety clinic. If you have any questions please feel free to come and ask me. Otherwise, please come and use these helmets to practice fitting a bicycle helmet, and mounting a tag-along to a bicycle.

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